Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
versão impressa ISSN 0074-0276
NINO INCANI, R.. The Venezuelan experience in the control of Schistosomiasis mansoni. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 1987, vol.82, suppl.4, pp. 89-93. ISSN 0074-0276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02761987000800014.
Schistosomiasis mansoni endemic zone of Venezuela is located in the valleys of the north central mountain region, with an extension of 15,000 km2 and inhabited by 5.1 million persons. The disease was discovered in 1906, but an organized Control Program was not established until 1943. Its basic activity has been the control of the snail vector, but prevention of man-water contact, prevention of snail infection, treatment of infected people and sanitary instruction, have also been carried out. Prevalence has diminished from 14.7% (1943-60) to 0.9% (1981-84). At present few active foci still persist, but a low transmission rate and low morbidity makes it difficult to know the exact number of infected people, which has been estimulated to be about 50,000.