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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

versión impresa ISSN 0074-0276versión On-line ISSN 1678-8060


GONCALVES, Teresa Cristina M.; VICTORIO, Vânia Maria N.; JUBERB, José  y  CUNHA, Vanda. Biology of triatoma vitticeps (Stal, 1859) under laboratory conditions (Hemiptera: Reduvidae: Triatominae): I. Evolutive cycle. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 1988, vol.83, n.4, pp.519-523. ISSN 0074-0276.

Observations were made on the evolutive cycle of Triatoma vitticeps, held under laboratory conditions and fed weekly in mice. Of the 435 eggs obtained, from 4 virgen couples, 149 were purposed for the biological cycle study and 286 to evaluate their resistance to starvation, which shall be a second part of this work. Only 50 specimens reached the adult stage in a period of X (S) = 270 ± 45 days. At the incubation time, the first and second instars were of less than a month for each, while the third, fourth and fifth instars requires approximately one, two and three months, respectively. The search for the first meal occured clearly on the 3rd, 6th and 10th day. During all the stages,more than 50% of the specimens had only one blood-meal, except the fifth one, when two blood-meals were required. In relation to the time-lapse between the presenting of the blood-meal and the beginning of feeding, as well as the length of the blood-meal, it was observed that these increased gradually according to the stage. From the 423 blood-meals performed, 390 were not followed by defecation in the settled period of 10 min. Under this point of view, t. vitticeps seems to be a poor transmissor of T. cruzi. The experiment was carried out for 13 months and by this time the averages of minimum and maximum temperatures and the humidity were 25 ± 2°C - 28 ± 2°C and 80 ± 2%, respectively. The material belongs to the triatomine colony held at the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, Department of Entomology.

Palabras clave : Triatoma vitticeps; evolutive cycle; laboratory conditions.

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