Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
versión impresa ISSN 0074-0276
COSTA, Jane Margaret y JURBERG, José. Bionomics studies of Cavernicola lenti Barrett & Arias, 1985 (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae). Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 1990, vol.85, n.3, pp. 357-366. ISSN 0074-0276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02761990000300014.
In the biological study, the development of the biological cycle of the insect under different feeding conditions was evaluated. The insects were fed on either mouse blood (c) or pigeon blood (p) using two types of rearing techniques (individual or group) at 28(graus) C and 90% relative humidity (which is equivalent to their natural environment). A fifth cycle studied, was fed on mouse blood reared on group, and mantained at laboratory environmental temperature. In the five cycles analyzed, it was found that groups on mouse blood at near natural conditions developed more rapidly (between 60 and 73 days) and had a lower rate of mortality (16.66%). The daily handling and changes in environment, of the individually reared insects, for observation of biological characteristics (no. and duration of bloodmeal, defecation and first fed of each stage) had a negative influence. None of the individuals fed on mouse or pigeon blood reached adult hood. It was found that the longevity and the fertility rate were significantly superior on couples maintained individually on mouse blood. These males had an average lifespan of 110,26 days and the females had an average lifespan of 104,46 days. The average number of eggs laid by each female was 21,26. Four couples kept in groups (five couples in each group) under the same condition, the longevity for males was 51,86 days and for females was 81,06 days. An average of 10,5 eggs were laid by each female. However, the percentage of fertile eggs was higher in couples kept in groups (72.15%) than in the individual couples (57.68%).
Palabras llave : Cavernicola lenti; blood meal influence; bionomics.