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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

Print version ISSN 0074-0276On-line version ISSN 1678-8060


LAURICELLA, MA; CASTANERA, MB; GURTLER, RE  and  SEGURA, EL. Immunodiagnosis of Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas' Disease) Infection in Naturally Infected Dogs. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 1998, vol.93, n.4, pp.501-507. ISSN 0074-0276.

This study reports on the standardization of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detecting specific antibodies anti-Trypanosoma cruzi in naturally infected dogs. Sera from 182 mongrel dogs of all ages residing in four rural villages in Santiago del Estero, Argentina, were collected in November 1994 and preserved in buffered neutral glycerin. All sera were tested by indirect hemagglutination test (IHAT), indirect immunofluorescence test (IFAT), and ELISA using the flagellar fraction of T. cruzi as antigen. Dog sera from an area without vectorial transmission were used to calculate ELISA specificity and cut-off value. Eighty-six percent of sera had concordant results for all tests. All sera reactive for IHAT and IFAT were also reactive for ELISA, except in one case. Sera tested by ELISA when diluted 1:200 allowed a clearer division between non-reactive and reactive sera than when 1:100 with greater agreement among serologic techniques. The specificity of ELISA was 96.2%. Among 34 adult dogs with a positive xenodiagnosis, sensitivity was 94% both for ELISA and IFAT. ELISA is the first choice for screening purposes and one of the pair of techniques recommended for diagnostic studies in dog populations

Keywords : Trypanosoma cruzi ; serology; chronic infection; dogs; surveillance.

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