Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Print version ISSN 0074-0276
NOIREAU, François et al. Genetic Structure of Triatoma sordida (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) Domestic Populations from Bolivia: Application on Control Interventions. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 1999, vol.94, n.3, pp. 347-351. ISSN 0074-0276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02761999000300011.
The genetic population of Triatoma sordida group 1, a secondary vector of Chagas disease in Bolivia, was studied by multi-locus enzyme electrophoresis. A total of 253 nymphal and adult specimens collected from seven neighbouring localities in the Velasco Province, Department of Santa Cruz, were processed. The relatively low genetic variability was confirmed for this species (rate of polymorphism: 0.20). The absence of genetic disequilibrium detected within the seven localities was demonstrated. A geographical structuration appears between localities with distances greater than 20 km apart. Although T. sordida presents a relatively reduced dispersive capacity, its panmictic unit is wider than compared with T. infestans. Genetic distances between T. sordida populations were correlated with geographic distance. Gene flow between geographic populations of T. sordida provides an efficient framework for effective vigilance and control protocols.
Keywords : Triatoma sordida; multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE); dispersal behavior; population genetics; Bolivia.