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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

versión impresa ISSN 0074-0276versión On-line ISSN 1678-8060

Resumen

CALDEIRA, Roberta L; VIDIGAL, Teofânia HDA; SIMPSON, Andrew JG  y  CARVALHO, Omar S. Genetic variability in Brazilian populations of Biomphalaria straminea complex detected by simple sequence repeat anchored polymerase chain reaction amplification. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 2001, vol.96, n.4, pp.535-544. ISSN 0074-0276.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762001000400016.

Biomphalaria glabrata, B. tenagophila and B. straminea are intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni, in Brazil. The latter is of epidemiological importance in the northwest of Brazil and, due to morphological similarities, has been grouped with B. intermedia and B. kuhniana in a complex named B. straminea. In the current work, we have standardized the simple sequence repeat anchored polymerase chain reaction (SSR-PCR) technique, using the primers (CA)8RY and K7, to study the genetic variability of these species. The similarity level was calculated using the Dice coefficient and genetic distance using the Nei and Li coefficient. The trees were obtained by the UPGMA and neighbor-joining methods. We have observed that the most related individuals belong to the same species and locality and that individuals from different localities, but of the same species, present clear heterogeneity. The trees generated using both methods showed similar topologies. The SSR-PCR technique was shown to be very efficient in intrapopulational and intraspecific studies of the B. straminea complex snails.

Palabras clave : snails; Planorbidae; Biomphalaria straminea; Biomphalaria kuhniana; Biomphalaria intermedia; SSR anchored PCR amplification; genetic variability.

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