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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

Print version ISSN 0074-0276On-line version ISSN 1678-8060

Abstract

NATTERO, Julieta; CROCCO, Liliana B  and  RODRIGUEZ, Claudia S. Feeding and defaecation behaviour of Triatoma patagonica (Del Ponte, 1929) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae). Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 2002, vol.97, n.7, pp.1063-1065. ISSN 0074-0276.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762002000700022.

Among the vectors of Chagas disease, Triatoma patagonica is a species in the process of adaptation to the human environment being recently registered in urban and suburban zones. However, its importance as a vector of Chagas disease is unknown. The aim of this work was to evaluate two aspects of vectorial competence: the feeding behaviour and the defaecation pattern. These processes were studied in females of T. patagonica fed ad libitum on a restrained pigeon. The results showed that the blood meal size was negatively correlated with the time of first defaecation (r = -0.42). The first defaecation was emitted before the first 10 min and defaecations during feeding were frequent. A total of 73% of females, defaecated during the first 30 min post-feeding. These results suggest that if this species subsequently colonizes the domicile, it would be capable of transmitting Trypanosoma cruzi.

Keywords : Triatoma patagonica; feeding; defecation; peridomestic; Chagas disease vector; Argentina.

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