Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Print version ISSN 0074-0276
MIRANDA, Maria Angelina C et al. Hypertensive portal colopathy in schistosomiasis mansoni: proposal for a classification. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 2004, vol.99, suppl.1, pp. 67-71. ISSN 0074-0276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762004000900012.
Portal hypertension is a frequent complication of chronic liver disease, detected not only in schistosomiasis, but also in cirrhosis of any etiology. Vascular alterations in the colonic mucosa are a potential source for acute or chronic bleeding and have been observed in patients with portal hypertension. The purpose of this prospective study was to describe and propose a classification for the vascular alterations of portal hypertension in the colonic mucosa among patients with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis mansoni. One or more alterations of portal colopathy were observed in all patients and they were classified according to their intensity, obeying the classification proposed by the authors. Portal colopathy is an important finding in hepatosplenic schistosomiasis and might be the cause of lower gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with severe portal hypertension.
Keywords : Schistosoma mansoni ; portal colopathy; vascular alterations; telangiectasia; angiodysplasia; erythema; rectal varices.