Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
On-line version ISSN 1678-8060
BRASCHI, Simon; BORGES, William Castro and WILSON, R Alan. Proteomic analysis of the shistosome tegument and its surface membranes. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 2006, vol.101, suppl.1, pp. 205-212. ISSN 1678-8060. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762006000900032.
The tegument surface of the adult schistosome, bounded by a normal plasma membrane overlain by a secreted membranocalyx, holds the key to understanding how schistosomes evade host immune responses. Recent advances in mass spectrometry (MS), and the sequencing of the Schistosoma mansoni transcriptome/genome, have facilitated schistosome proteomics. We detached the tegument from the worm body and enriched its surface membranes by differential extraction, before subjecting the preparation to liquid chromatography-based proteomics to identify its constituents. The most exposed proteins on live worms were labelled with impearmeant biotinylation reagents, and we also developed methods to isolate the membranocalyx for analysis. We identified transporters for sugars, amino acids, inorganic ions and water, which confirm the importance of the tegument plasma membrane in nutrient acquisition and solute balance. Enzymes, including phosphohydrolases, esterases and carbonic anhydrase were located with their catalytic domains external to the plasma membrane, while five tetraspanins, annexin and dysferlin were implicated in membrane architecture. In contrast, few parasite proteins could be assigned to the membranocalyx but mouse immune response proteins, including three immunoglobulins and two complement factors, were detected, plus host membrane proteins such as CD44, integrin and a complement regulatory protein, testifying to the acquisitive properties of the secreted bilayer.
Keywords : Schistosoma mansoni; membrane proteins; mass spectrometry; membranocalyx; immune evasion.