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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

versão impressa ISSN 0074-0276versão On-line ISSN 1678-8060

Resumo

BARBOSA, Rosângela MR; SOUTO, Antonio; EIRAS, Alvaro E  e  REGIS, Lêda. Laboratory and field evaluation of an oviposition trap for Culex quinquefasciatus(Diptera: Culicidae). Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 2007, vol.102, n.4, pp.523-529.  Epub 17-Maio-2007. ISSN 0074-0276.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762007005000058.

An ovitrap (BR-OVT) based on physical and chemical stimuli for attracting gravid Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) females was developed and evaluated under laboratory and field conditions. Attractants were assayed using alternative chamber bioassays prior to being used in the BR-OVT oviposition trap. A significant preference of gravid females for sites containing conspecific egg rafts was observed, as a response to the natural oviposition pheromone, as well as for sites treated with the synthetic pheromone erythro-6-acetoxy-5-hexadecanolide. Five- to 20-day old grass infusion was strongly attractive to gravid females for laying eggs. On the other hand, entomopathogenic Bacillus sphaericus (Bs) did not influence the choice of an oviposition site when used in combination with grass infusion and can therefore be used as a larvicide in ovitraps. Results from field trials showed that the BR-OVT with grass infusion and with or without Bs works as a preferred oviposition site for Cx. quinquefasciatus. The BR-OVT was more effective for egg collection when placed indoors and comparison with the number of egg rafts laid in cesspits over 40 days indicates that this very simple ovitrap may be a useful tool for monitoring populations of the most important of the vectors of bancroftian filariasis.

Palavras-chave : Culex quinquefasciatus; ovitrap; grass infusion; Bacillus sphaericus; oviposition pheromone.

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