Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Print version ISSN 0074-0276
FREITAS, Solange Z et al. Prevalence, genotypes and risk factors associated with hepatitis C virus infection in hemodialysis patients in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 2008, vol.103, n.4, pp. 405-408. ISSN 0074-0276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762008000400016.
A survey was conducted among the hemodialysis units of the city of Campo Grande, located in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul in the Mid-west region of Brazil, with the aim of investigating the prevalence, risk factors, and genotypes of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. A total of 163 patients were interviewed in five dialysis units. Serum samples were screened for anti-HCV. Positive samples were tested for HCV RNA and genotyped. The prevalence of anti-HCV was 11% (95% CI: 6.8-17.1). A history of transfusion with blood that was not screened for anti-HCV and length of time on hemodialysis were associated with HCV infection. HCV RNA was detected in 12 samples: ten were of genotype 1, subtypes 1a (75%) and 1b (8.3%), and two were of genotype 3, subtype 3a (16.7%).
Keywords : hepatitis C virus; hemodialysis; prevalence; genotypes; risk factors.