Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
On-line version ISSN 1678-8060
RANGEL, Elizabeth Ferreira and LAINSON, Ralph. Proven and putative vectors of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in Brazil: aspects of their biology and vectorial competence. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 2009, vol.104, n.7, pp. 937-954. ISSN 1678-8060. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762009000700001.
The aim of the present review is to give relevant information on aspects of the biology and ecology, including the vectorial competence of Lutzomyia sand fly species suggested as vectors of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in Brazil. The disease, due to Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis, has been registered in most municipalities in all the Brazilian states and its transmission is associated with more than one sand fly species in each geographical region. A variety of Leishmania species can be found in the Amazon basin, where different epidemiological chains have been detected with the participation of different phlebotomine vectors. Finally, a discussion is presented on some sand fly species found naturally infected by Leishmania, but for which there is as yet no evidence regarding their epidemiological importance.
Keywords : American cutaneous leishmaniasis; Lutzomyia sand fly species; vectorial competence; Brazil.