Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
On-line version ISSN 1678-8060
ALMEIDA, Caroline de Souza et al. Anti-mycobacterial treatment reduces high plasma levels of CXC-chemokines detected in active tuberculosis by cytometric bead array. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 2009, vol.104, n.7, pp. 1039-1041. ISSN 1678-8060. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762009000700018.
Chemokines recruit and activate leukocytes, assisting granuloma formation. Herein, we evaluated plasma chemokines in patients with active tuberculosis (ATB) and after completing treatment (TTB) and compared them to BCG-vaccinated healthy controls (HC). Levels of chemokines were measured by cytometric bead array. Levels of CXCL8, CXCL9 and CXCL10 were higher in ATB patients compared to HC, but they decreased in TTB. Levels of CCL2 and CCL5 in ATB patients were similar to those observed in HC. Thus, the high levels of CXC-chemokines detected during ATB, which can modulate the trafficking of immune cells from the periphery to the site of infection, were reversed by anti-mycobacterial treatment.
Keywords : tuberculosis; chemokines; cytometric bead array; chemotherapy.