Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Print version ISSN 0074-0276
SILVA-DO-NASCIMENTO, Teresa Fernandes; PITALUGA, Luisa Damazio Rona; PEIXOTO, Alexandre Afranio and LOURENCO-DE-OLIVEIRA, Ricardo. Molecular divergence in the timeless and cpr genes among three sympatric cryptic species of the Anopheles triannulatus complex. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 2011, vol.106, suppl.1, pp. 218-222. ISSN 0074-0276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762011000900027.
Anopheles triannulatus s.l. is a malaria vector with a wide geographic distribution, ranging from Argentina-Nicaragua and Trinidad. Here we analysed sequences of two genes, timeless and cpr, to assess the genetic variability and divergence among three sympatric cryptic species of this complex from Salobra, central-western Brazil. The timeless gene sequences did not conclusively differentiate Anopheles halophylus and An. triannulatus species "C". However, a partial separation has been observed between these species and An. triannulatus s.s. Importantly, the analysis of the cpr gene sequences revealed fixed differences, no shared polymorphisms and considerable genetic differentiation among the three species of the An. triannulatus complex. The results confirm that An. triannulatus s.s., An. halophylus and An. triannulatus species C are distinct taxa, with the latter two likely representing a more recent speciation event.
Keywords : Anopheles triannulatus; Anopheles halophylus; cpr gene; timeless gene; species complex.