Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Print version ISSN 0074-0276
DUSFOUR, Isabelle et al. Incrimination of Anopheles (Anopheles) intermedius Peryassú, An. (Nyssorhynchus) nuneztovari Gabaldón, An. (Nys.) oswaldoi Peryassú as natural vectors of Plasmodium falciparum in French Guiana. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 2012, vol.107, n.3, pp.429-432. ISSN 0074-0276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762012000300021.
Anopheles darlingi Root is the major vector of human malaria in the Neotropics and has been considered to be the sole malaria vector in French Guiana. The presence of other potential vectors suggests that malaria may be transmitted by other species under certain conditions. From 2006-2011, all anopheline specimens collected from 11 localities were assayed to determine if the Plasmodium circumsporozoite protein was present. In addition to An. darlingi, we found Anopheles oswaldoi, Anopheles intermedius and Anopheles nuneztovari specimens that were infected with Plasmodium sp. Further investigations on the behaviour and ecology of An. oswaldoi, An. intermedius and An. nuneztovari are necessary to determine their role in malaria transmission in French Guiana.
Keywords : An. intermedius; An. nuneztovari; An. oswaldoi; malaria vector; French Guiana.