Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Print version ISSN 0074-0276
RUBIO-PALIS, Yasmin et al. Can Mosquito Magnet® substitute for human-landing catches to sample anopheline populations?. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 2012, vol.107, n.4, pp.546-549. ISSN 0074-0276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762012000400017.
The efficiency of the Mosquito Magnet Liberty PlusTM (MMLP) trap was evaluated in comparison to human-landing catches (HLCs) to sample anopheline populations in Jabillal, state of Bolivar, southern Venezuela. The village comprised 37 houses and a population of 101; malaria in this village is primarily due to Plasmodium vivax and the Annual Parasite Index is 316.8 per 1,000 population. A longitudinal study was conducted between June 2008-January 2009 for three nights per month every two months between 17:30 pm-21:30 pm, a time when biting mosquitoes are most active. Anopheles darlingi and Anopheles nuneztovari were the most common species collected by both methods, whereas Anopheles marajoara was more abundant according to the HLC method. The MMLP trap was more efficient for collecting An. nuneztovari [63%, confidence interval (CI): 2.53] than for collecting An. darlingi (31%, CI: 1.57). There were significant correlations (p < 0.01) between the two methods for An. darlingi [Pearson correlation (R2) = 0.65] and An. nuneztovari (R2 = 0.48). These preliminary results are encouraging for further investigations of the use of the MMLP trap for monitoring anopheline populations in remote malaria-endemic areas in the Amazon Basin.
Keywords : malaria vectors; Mosquito Magnet Liberty Plus; Venezuela.