Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Print version ISSN 0074-0276
CARVAJAL, Guillermo; MOUGABURE-CUETO, Gastón and TOLOZA, Ariel Ceferino. Toxicity of non-pyrethroid insecticides against Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae). Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 2012, vol.107, n.5, pp.675-679. ISSN 0074-0276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762012000500015.
Triatoma infestans (Klug) is the main vector of Chagas disease, which is a public health concern in most Latin American countries. The prevention of Chagas disease is based on the chemical control of the vector using pyrethroid insecticides. In the last decade, different levels of deltamethrin resistance have been detected in certain areas of Argentina and Bolivia. Because of this, alternative non-pyrethroid insecticides from different chemical groups were evaluated against two T. infestans populations, NFS and El Malá, with the objective of finding new insecticides to control resistant insect populations. Toxicity to different insecticides was evaluated in a deltamethrin-susceptible and a deltamethrin-resistant population. Topical application of the insecticides fenitrothion and imidacloprid to first nymphs had lethal effects on both populations, producing 50% lethal dose (LD50) values that ranged from 5.2-28 ng/insect. However, amitraz, flubendiamide, ivermectin, indoxacarb and spinosad showed no insecticidal activity in first instars at the applied doses (LD50 > 200 ng/insect). Fenitrothion and imidacloprid were effective against both deltamethrin-susceptible and deltamethrin-resistant populations of T. infestans. Therefore, they may be considered alternative non-pyrethroid insecticides for the control of Chagas disease.
Keywords : Triatoma infestans; insecticide resistance; non-pyrethroid insecticides; imidacloprid; fenitrothion.