Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Print version ISSN 0074-0276
CABECA, Tatiane Karen et al. Infections with human coronaviruses NL63 and OC43 among hospitalised and outpatient individuals in São Paulo, Brazil. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 2012, vol.107, n.5, pp. 693-694. ISSN 0074-0276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762012000500020.
The incidence and clinical features of human coronaviruses (HCoVs) among Brazilian patients with respiratory illness are not well known. We investigated the prevalence of HCoVs among Brazilian outpatients and hospitalised patients with respiratory illnesses during 2009 and 2010. To identify the HCoVs, pancoronavirus and species-specific reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction assays were performed. Five of 394 samples were positive for HCoVs (1.2%): 1/182 (0.5%) outpatients and 4/212 (1.8%) hospitalised patients. The OC43 and NL63 HCoVs were identified. Two patients were admitted to the intensive care unit. Underlying chronic disease was reported in cases and one diabetic adult died. HCoVs can cause lower respiratory infections and hospitalisation. Patients with pre-existing conditions and respiratory infections should be evaluated for HCoV infections.
Keywords : human coronavirus OC43; human coronavirus NL63; respiratory tract infections.