Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Print version ISSN 0074-0276
SEVERO, Cecília Bittencourt; OLIVEIRA, Flávio de Mattos; PILAR, Emily Ferreira Salles and SEVERO, Luiz Carlos. Phaeohyphomycosis: a clinical-epidemiological and diagnostic study of eighteen cases in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 2012, vol.107, n.7, pp.854-858. ISSN 0074-0276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762012000700003.
The goal of this study was to review 18 cases of phaeohyphomycosis in Rio Grande do Sul. The records of all of the patients with a diagnosis of phaeohyphomycosis between 1995-2010 were reviewed. Twelve of the 18 patients (66.6%) were male. The average age of the patients was 50 years old (range: 16-74 years). Eleven patients (61%) presented with subcutaneous lesions. Seven patients (38.8%) had received a solid organ transplant. In all of the cases, the presence of melanin in the fungal cells was determined by Fontana-Masson staining of tissue sections and documented. Among the 18 patients, a total of 11 different fungal species were isolated. The causative organisms included Exophiala jeanselmei, Alternaria, Curvularia, Cladophialophora and Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. To our knowledge, this review reports the first case of subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by C. gloeosporioides in a lung transplant patient. The number of reported cases of phaeohyphomycosis has increased in the last decade. In a number of cases, this increased incidence may be primarily attributed to iatrogenic immunodeficiency.
Keywords : phaeohyphomycosis; solid organ transplants; Exophiala jeanselmei; Alternaria sp.; Curvularia sp.; Colletotrichum gloeosporioides.