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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

versão impressa ISSN 0074-0276


PEREIRA, Graziella Hanna et al. Outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae: two-year epidemiologic follow-up in a tertiary hospital. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 2013, vol.108, n.1, pp.113-115. ISSN 0074-0276.

This study describes a carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) outbreak that occurred from October 2008-December 2010. Polymerase chain reaction assays were performed to detect the blaKPC gene and molecular typing was performed using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). There were 33 CRKP infections; PFGE revealed five genotypes: genotype A in five (15%), B in 18 (55%), C in eight (24%) and two unique profiles. Genotype B was disseminated in all hospital units and belonged to the same clone identified in 11 different hospitals in the state of São Paulo. Sixteen (48%) patients died. Seven isolates (21%) were resistant to polymyxin B and 45% were resistant to tigecycline and amikacin.

Palavras-chave : carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae; nosocomial outbreak; polymyxin resistance.

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