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Revista de Administração (São Paulo)

versão impressa ISSN 0080-2107versão On-line ISSN 1984-6142

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BERGMANN, Daniel Reed; SECURATO, José Roberto; SAVOIA, José Roberto Ferreira  e  CONTANI, Eduardo Augusto do Rosário. U.S. subprime financial crisis contagion on BRIC and European Union stock markets. Rev. Adm. (São Paulo) [online]. 2015, vol.50, n.2, pp.229-240. ISSN 0080-2107.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5700/rausp1196.

The Copula Theory was used to analyze contagion among the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) and European Union stock markets with the U.S. Equity Market. The market indexes used for the period between January 01, 2005 and February 27, 2010 are: MXBRIC (BRIC), MXEU (European Union) and MXUS (United States). This article evaluated the adequacy of the main copulas found in the financial literature using log-likelihood, Akaike information and Bayesian information criteria. This article provides a groundbreaking study in the area of contagion due to the use of conditional copulas, allowing to calculate the correlation increase between indexes with non-parametric approach. The conditional Symmetrized Joe-Clayton copula was the one that fitted better to the considered pairs of returns. Results indicate evidence of contagion effect in both markets, European Union and BRIC members, with a 5% significance level. Furthermore, there is also evidence that the contagion of U.S. financial crisis was more pronounced in the European Union than in the BRIC markets, with a 5% significance level. Therefore, stock portfolios formed by equities from the BRIC countries were able to offer greater protection during the subprime crisis. The results are aligned with recent papers that present an increase in correlation between stock markets, especially in bear markets.

Palavras-chave : contagion; copula theory; correlation; U.S. subprime crisis.

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