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Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP
On-line version ISSN 1980-220X
ZANON, Elenita and MARZIALE, Maria Helena Palucci. Evaluation of the corporal posture of the nursing workers in the movement of patients in bed. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2000, vol.34, n.1, pp.26-36. ISSN 1980-220X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342000000100004.
The patients' movement in bed, is a procedure that demand great physical effort and use of good corporal mechanics for the nursing personnel, relative of preventing them back pain problems. Recognizing the importance of the movement and positioning, to promote safety and comfort to the patient, and before the professionals' complaints, described in the literature, this work has for objectives: to identify and analyzer the postures assumed by the nursing workers and identify the means and difficulties found during the execution of the referred activity. Through the technique of direct observation they were filmed, through videotapes, thirty procedures of patient's movement in the bed executed by nursing workers of an orthopedic clinic of an university hospital. The results evidence that the thirty procedures were executed along 197,41 minutes and that the corporal postures more frequently assumed they were, in respect to back, arms and legs, back inclined/arms with elbow down of row of seats/legs extension (53,76%). In agreement with the beginnings of the corporal mechanics and of the ergonomics, such postures are considered painful to the man, due to the muscle-skeletal aggressions and to the physical overload that they cart. The workers aimed the aspects little space (58,82%), physical load (52,94%) and absence of the personal (47,06%), as the main difficulties found in the execution of patient's movement in the bed, corroborating with the discoveries of the literature, characterizing that activity as painful. They pointed: the adequate technique (36,29%), used of sheet (35,29%) and space adequate (23,52%), as aspects that would facilitate the execution of the procedure.
Keywords : Nursing; Workers; Ergonomics; Back pain; Posture.