Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP
versão impressa ISSN 0080-6234
MINAGAWA, Áurea Tamami et al. Low birth weight and maternal conditions in pre-natal. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2006, vol.40, n.4, pp. 548-554. ISSN 0080-6234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342006000400014.
This study was carried in the area covered by the Hospital Universitário of the University of São Paulo in order to verify the relationship between birth weight and maternal work and prenatal, nutritional (height, initial and final weight and weight gain during gestation) and socioeconomic-demographic (age, marital status, level of education, family income) conditions. It was based on a sample of 101 children. The occurrence of low birth weight (LBW) (5.1%) did not show association with maternal work nor with prenatal. On the other hand, LBW showed significant association with the following maternal variables: weight gain during the pregnancy under 7 kilograms, mother's age under 20 years old and marital status (single mothers). Despite the low occurrence of LBW, the results point out to the importance of taking measures to reduce LBW, in particular through the control of prenatal weight gain and prenatal among adolescents. Moreover, a policy of educating women, and in particular single women, about pregnancy, childbirth and nutrition seem an obvious necessity.
Palavras-chave : Infant, low birth weight; Women, working; Social conditions; Prenatal care.