Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP
Print version ISSN 0080-6234
On-line version ISSN 1980-220X
POSSATO, Marina; PARADA, Cristina Maria Garcia de Lima and TONETE, Vera Lúcia Pamplona. Representation of pregnant smokers on cigarette use: a study carried out at a hospital in the interior of the state of São Paulo. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2007, vol.41, n.3, pp.434-440. ISSN 0080-6234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342007000300013.
This study sheds light on the smoking pregnant women's outlook on cigarette use. The Theory of Social Representations was used as a theoretical reference. For data analysis, the Collective Subject Discourse was constructed. Of the 27 women that were interviewed, 18 had finished elementary education, 8 had completed secondary education, and one had college level education; 14 had a stable union and 6 were married. Four themes emerged from the interviews: 1) starting to smoke: a natural, social practice; 2) satisfaction versus guilt; 3) shattering news: effects of smoking on pregnancy; and 4) quitting: between will and ability. Pregnant women revealed negative ideas about smoking, considering smoking the worst of addictions and a potential cause for complications to the fetus and the mother. Smoking was represented in a prejudicial manner, disregarding the existence of treatment and the need for it. Emerging difficulties were related to quitting, for which professionals, information and adequate approaches for treatment and support for achieving success are utmost necessities.
Keywords : Pregnancy; Smoking; Tobacco.