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Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP
Print version ISSN 0080-6234On-line version ISSN 1980-220X
DANTAS, Rosane Arruda; PAGLIUCA, Lorita Marlena Freitag and ALMEIDA, Paulo César de. Optometric scale for pre -schools: method for determination of regional figures. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2008, vol.42, n.3, pp.437-444. ISSN 0080-6234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342008000300004.
Children often show difficulties to identify optotypes in the picture scale. An experimental quantitative study with a sample of 384 randomly selected children was developed in order to identify pictures known by them and create suitable optotypes for a local reality. According to children's drawings, it was possible to realize how much the drawings were related to their daily lives. Considering the most meaningful drawings, we can mention: sun, human figure, house, cloud, tree, car, ball, star and heart. The most frequent figures were synthesized in order to make them more similar to the optotypes; the pictures were validated based on 95% confidence interval for the number of right answers: car (100%), house (98%), heart (98%), star (95%), ball (89%), flower (85%), sun (83%) and human figure (78%). In conclusion, those pictures belong to local culture.
Keywords : Child; Eye health; Optometry.