Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP
On-line version ISSN 1980-220X
OLIVEIRA, Adriana Cristina; MARZIALE, Maria Helena Palucci; PAIVA, Maria Henriqueta Rocha Siqueira and LOPES, Aline Cristine Souza. Knowledge and attitude regarding standard precautions in a Brazilian public emergency service: a cross-sectional study. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2009, vol.43, n.2, pp.313-319. ISSN 1980-220X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342009000200009.
The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitude of health care professionals regarding their use of universal precaution measures at a public emergency service. The study also aimed to assess the rates of occupational accidents involving biological substances among those workers. This study was performed with 238 workers, from June to November 2006, using univariate and multivariate analysis. The chance of not adopting precaution measures was 20.7 (95% CI: 5.68 - 75.14) times greater among drivers compared to physicians. No significant association was found between adopting universal precaution measures. The occupational accident rate was 20.6% (40.8% involving sharp-edged objects). The risk of physicians having an occupational accident was 2.7(95% CI: 1.05 - 7.09) times higher than that of drivers. The fact that a staff member had adequate knowledge about universal precaution measures was insufficient to foster compatible attitudes towards reducing the risk of transmitting infectious agents and causing occupational accidents.
Keywords : Emergencies; Accidents [occupational]; Accident prevention; Occupational health; Patient care team.