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Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP
Print version ISSN 0080-6234
TALARICO, Juliana Nery de Souza; CARAMELLI, Paulo; NITRINI, Ricardo and CHAVES, Eliane Corrêa. Stress symptoms and coping strategies in healthy elderly subjects. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2009, vol.43, n.4, pp. 803-809. ISSN 0080-6234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342009000400010.
Elderly subjects may present stress symptoms due to physical, psychological and social changes during aging process. The aim of this study was to identify stress symptoms in elderly subjects and the coping strategies they used, verifying the relationship between these variables. The Stress Symptoms List (SSL) and the Jalowiec Coping Scale were administered to 41 healthy elderly subjects. Elderly subjects presented stress symptoms with a mean score of 42.8. Although problem-focused coping was predominantly observed, no significant difference was observed between mean SSL scores among elderly subjects who used problem-focused or emotion-focused coping. Although elderly subjects mainly elected problem-focused coping, stress intensity was independent of the coping style, showing that both problem- and emotion-focused coping are associated with similar stress levels.
Keywords : Stress; Aged; Adaptation, psychological.