Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP
Print version ISSN 0080-6234
SILVA, Raimunda Magalhães da et al. Breast self-examination by nursing professionals. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2009, vol.43, n.4, pp. 902-908. ISSN 0080-6234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342009000400023.
Most breast tumors are detected by women, not health professionals, therefore breast self-examination (BSE) continues to be an efficacious strategy. The study objective was to analyze BSE performed by nursing professionals and factors that hinder their perseverance in this practice. This descriptive study was performed with 159 professionals: 40 nurses, 48 nurses aides, and 71 health agents from 19 Basic Health Units located in Fortaleza (Ceará, Brazil). Data collection was performed using a self-administered questionnaire, and the analysis was based on the Self Care Theory. Of the 159 professionals, 86 (54%) performed BSE on a monthly basis. Of the 73 professionals who did not perform BSE, 60 (82%) reported the reason for that was forgetting, 38 (52%) for not trusting the technique/did not know the correct technique, and 35 (48%) due to lack of health care. It was found that although most women reported performing BSE, the professionals felt insecure and would like to learn better about this technique.
Keywords : Breast self-examination; Nursing; Patient care team; Self care.