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Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP
On-line version ISSN 1980-220X
MONTENEGRO, Hercília Regina do Amaral; ALMEIDA FILHO, Antonio José de; SANTOS, Tânia Cristina Franco and LOURENCO, Lucia Helena Silva Corrêa. The registered nurse and the battle against tuberculosis in Brazil: 1961-1966. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2009, vol.43, n.4, pp. 945-952. ISSN 1980-220X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342009000400029.
The objective of this study was to describe the circumstances that promoted the implementation of the new Program for Action Against Tuberculosis in Brazil (Programa de Ação na Luta contra a Tuberculose no Brasil) and discuss the strategies used by registered nurses from the Santa Maria State Hospital, Guanabara State, to adjust nursing care to the new program against tuberculosis. This was performed through document research, interviews, and statements from nurses working at the time of the reorganization. Documents were analyzed based on the concepts of habitus, field, and symbolic power by Pierre Bourdieu, and included written and oral documents as well as secondary sources. The reorganization of the nursing service was performed under the leadership of a nurse whose symbolic capital assigned power and prestige to implement the necessary changes. It is concluded that the work of that nurse made it possible to implement the new program and contributed to establishing the position and importance of the registered nurse in providing care to individuals with tuberculosis, for prevention and cure.
Keywords : History of nursing; Tuberculosis [pulmonary]; Leadership.