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Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP
Print version ISSN 0080-6234
BIM, Cíntia Raquel; PELLOSO, Sandra Marisa; CARVALHO, Maria Dalva de Barros and PREVIDELLI, Isolde Terezinha Santos. Early diagnosis of breast and cervical cancer in women from the municipality of Guarapuava, PR, Brazil. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2010, vol.44, n.4, pp. 940-946. ISSN 0080-6234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342010000400012.
The objective of this study is to identify the frequency in which the early diagnosis of breast and cervical cancer takes place in the municipality of Guarapuava, Paraná. A cross-sectional study with population basis was carried out including 885 women with the minimum age of 18 years old, in the period from October to December of 2006. The sample calculation considered the trust level of 95% and the error margin of 3%. The software Statistica version 7.1 was used for the data analysis, considering the level of significance of 5%. Breast self-examination was performed by 63% of the interviewees and clinical examination by 49%. The mammography was performed by less than one forth of the sample. The prevention of cervical cancer was practiced by most of the women (80%). The conclusion was that the studied women from the sample perform preventive exams of breast cancer with less frequency, when compared to cervical cancer preventive exams.
Keywords : Breast neoplasms; Uterine cervical neoplasms; Women´s health; Nursing.