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Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP
Print version ISSN 0080-6234
FUSCALDI, Fernanda Silva; BALSANELLI, Alessandra Cristina Sartore and GROSSI, Sonia Aurora Alves. Locus of control in health and self-esteem in type-2 diabetic patients. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2011, vol.45, n.4, pp.855-861. ISSN 0080-6234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342011000400009.
The objective of this study was to relate the scores obtained with the application of the scales of locus of control of health and self esteem with socio-demographic and clinical variables, risk factors and chronic complications in 65 patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. Statistical analysis was performed using Pearson's chi-square, Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, and Spearman's Correlations tests. Regarding the locus of control, in average, patients presented higher scores in the internal dimension, and women showed more externality-at random for health. Statistically significant relationships were found between internality with time of diagnosis and physical activity; between externality-other powerful entities with glycated hemoglobin and physical activity; and between externality-at random with practice of physical activity. Most individuals has high self-esteem, but no variable was statistically related.
Keywords : Diabetes mellitus; type 2; Scales; Control; Self-concept.