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Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP
Print version ISSN 0080-6234
SANTOS, Tânia Cristina Franco; BARREIRA, Ieda de Alencar; FONTE, Aline Silva da and OLIVEIRA, Alexandre Barbosa de. American participation in the creation of a nurse model in Brazilian society in the 1920's. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2011, vol.45, n.4, pp. 966-973. ISSN 0080-6234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342011000400025.
The objectives of this historical-social study are: to describe the circumstances that determined the participation of North American nurses in the formation of the Brazilian nurse; and analyse the process of implementing institutional rituals as a strategy of symbolic fight, to confer visibility to the nurse profession and discuss the symbolic effects of institutional rituals for the consecration of a nurse model for Brazilian society at the time. The primary sources are constituted of pertaining written and photographic documents relative to the studied theme. By reading the documentary corpus an analysis was made of the symbols that had distinguished and established the hierarchies of the actions, as well as the strategies undertaken for the North American nurses, towards implementing a new model of nurses in Brazilian society, coherent with the model of the North American schools of nursing. Institutional rituals, conducted or testified by prestigious figures of the history of Brazil and nursing, were fundamental for the construction of professional identity.
Keywords : History of nursing; Emblems and insignia; Models; nursing; Education; nursing.