Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP
Print version ISSN 0080-6234
BERTOLIN, Daniela Comelis; PACE, Ana Emilia; KUSUMOTA, Luciana and HAAS, Vanderlei. An association between forms of coping and the socio-demographic variables of people on chronic hemodialysis. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2011, vol.45, n.5, pp. 1070-1076. ISSN 0080-6234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342011000500006.
This sectional study was performed with the objective to verify the association between the forms of coping used by people on chronic hemodialysis and their socio-demographic variables. A semi-structured instrument and the Folkman and Lazarus' Coping Strategies Inventory were used. The sample consisted of 107 adults, mostly male (62.4%), on ambulatory hemodialysis for over six months. The most commonly referred forms of coping were related to the positive reevaluation factor (coping centered on emotions); with the highest mean scores among women for all factors and for people who reported having a partner, living with their families and receiving support in their treatment, and the highest scores were common for the factors control, self-control, and social support. Knowing the forms of coping prepares nurses to reinforce or seek, with patients on hemodialysis, choosing positive forms of coping and propose actions that permit patients to develop adaptive mechanisms.
Keywords : Renal dialysis; Renal insufficiency, chronic; Adaptation, psychological; Nursing care.