Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP
versión impresa ISSN 0080-6234
MOURA, Escolástica Rejane Ferreira; EVANGELISTA, Danielle Rosa y DAMASCENO, Ana Kelve de Castro. The knowledge of women with diabetes mellitus regarding preconception care and maternal-fetal risks. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2012, vol.46, n.1, pp. 22-29. ISSN 0080-6234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342012000100003.
The objective of this study was to describe the reproductive profile of women with diabetes mellitus (DM) and to identify their knowledge regarding maternal and fetal risks and preconception care. This exploratory study was performed at the Integrated Center for Hypertension and Diabetes, from March to July 2009, on a sample consisting of 106 women. The variables were: number of pregnancies, births and abortions, and planning the pregnancy. The data were collected through interviews that followed a preconceived form. The reproductive profile of women with DM proved to be permeated with risks and showed negative repercussions to maternal and fetal health. Of the 106 (100%) women studied, 44 (41.5%) demonstrated adequate knowledge regarding preconception care, while 58 (54.7%) had limited knowledge regarding maternal and fetal risks. It is necessary to provide information to women with diabetes to promote knowledge of maternal and fetal risks and preconceptional care.
Palabras llave : Diabetes mellitus; Women; Knowledge; Pregnancy; Maternal and child health.