Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP
Print version ISSN 0080-6234
BALDISSERA, Vanessa Denardi Antoniassi and BUENO, Sonia Maria Villela. Leisure and mental health in people with hypertension: convergence in health education. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2012, vol.46, n.2, pp. 380-387. ISSN 0080-6234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342012000200016.
People with hypertension constantly deal with issues related to mental health due to the psychosocial determinants of this illness, and leisure is an important control strategy. The objective of this study was to promote health education to a group of hypertensive patients, through research-action, based on critical-social pedagogy, and taking into consideration the participants' perception of leisure. Educational activities were conducted and, following, an evaluation was performed regarding the subjects' opinion about the impact of leisure on their lives and mental health. The group perceived leisure as a coping strategy for loneliness and also as a late development of independence; it was also regarded as a means of socialization and as a promotion of mental health. These perceptions revealed two themes: aging, leisure, and chronic disease; and knowledge and leisure experiences. Educational actions, such as group dynamics and discussions, were planned considering these themes with the purpose of providing the necessary conditions for socializing and exchanging experiences.
Keywords : Aged; Hypertension; Leisure activities; Mental health; Health education.