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Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP
Print version ISSN 0080-6234
VALCANTI, Carolina Costa et al. Religious/spiritual coping in people with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2012, vol.46, n.4, pp.838-845. ISSN 0080-6234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342012000400008.
The objective of the present study is to investigate the use of religious/spiritual coping mechanisms in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis, by means of interviews using a sociodemographic questionnaire and the religious/spiritual coping scale. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics and multiple linear regression. A total of 123 individuals were interviewed, 79.6% of whom presented a high score for religious/spiritual coping and none of whom presented low or irrelevant scores. The variables that affected the religious/spiritual coping behavior were: gender, age group, treatment time, family income, and religious practice. In conclusion, the participants used religious/spiritual coping mechanisms as a strategy to cope with the disease, particularly women with a higher family income who attend church every week.
Keywords : Renal insufficiency; chronic; Renal dialysis; Spirituality; Religion; Nursing care.