Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP
Print version ISSN 0080-6234
MAGALHAES, Marina Gabriella Pereira de Andrada; ALVES, Ludmila Medeiros Outtes; ALCANTARA, Lidianne Fábia de Moraes and BEZERRA, Simone Maria Muniz da Silva. Post-operative mediastinitis in a heart hospital of Recife: contributions for nursing care. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2012, vol.46, n.4, pp. 865-871. ISSN 0080-6234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342012000400012.
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of post-operative mediastinitis with the purpose to contribute to nursing care knowledge. To do this, an analysis was performed on 896 medical records of patients who underwent heart surgery involving sternotomy at the Cardiology Emergency Room of Recife-PE, in the period between June 2007 and June 2009. The following variables were considered: gender, age, type of surgery, personal history, length of stay, use of antibiotics, and culture of the surgical wound. A high death rate from mediastinitis was observed (33.3%). Several risk factors were identified, including: systemic arterial hypertension (80.9%); smoking (61.9%); diabetes mellitus (42.8%); and obesity (33.3%), most of which (76.2%) were identified in patients who underwent surgery for myocardial revascularization. It is concluded that mediastinitis is a serious infection that needs continuous nursing supervision and preventive measures to assure an early diagnosis and, thus, reduce mortality.
Keywords : Mediastinitis; Osteomyelitis; Thoracic surgery; Perioperative nursing.