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Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP
Print version ISSN 0080-6234
FERREIRA, Luciana Tiemi Kuranishi and CEOLIM, Maria Filomena. Sleep quality in HIV-positive outpatients. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2012, vol.46, n.4, pp.892-899. ISSN 0080-6234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342012000400016.
The objective of this study was to characterize the sleep quality of Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus (HIV) seropositive outpatients with or without AIDS symptoms. This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study. Sociodemographic and clinical data were collected by means of a questionnaire, and sleep quality by means of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Brazilian version. Participants were 122 subjects (55.7% male, 44.3% female; mean age 42.3 ± 8.9 years); 53.3% reported good sleep quality and 46.7% reported poor sleep quality. Subjects reported sleeping a mean of 7.3 (± 1.8) hours; sleep latency was 23.2 (± 26.2) minutes, and sleep efficiency, 87.8% (± 14.4). A significant association was found between good sleep quality and: having a partner; undetectable viral load; and maintenance of risk behavior. It is recommended that nursing professionals systematically include questions regarding sleep when evaluating patients with HIV/AIDS, so that changes are detected early and relevant background information is obtained in order to plan interventions.
Keywords : Sleep; HIV; Nursing care.