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Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP

Print version ISSN 0080-6234On-line version ISSN 1980-220X

Abstract

DANSKI, Mitzy Tannia Reichembach et al. Incidence of local complications and risk factors associated with peripheral intravenous catheter in neonates. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2016, vol.50, n.1, pp.22-28. ISSN 1980-220X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420160000100003.

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the incidence of complications related to the use of peripheral intravenous catheter in neonates and identify the associated risk factors.

METHOD

Prospective cohort study conducted in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Participants were the hospitalized neonates undergoing peripheral intravenous puncture in the period from February to June 2013.

RESULTS

The incidence of complications was 63.15%, being infiltration/extravasation (69.89%), phlebitis (17.84%) and obstruction (12.27%). The risk factors were the presence of infection (p = 0.0192) and weight at the puncture day (p = 0.0093), type of intermittent infusion associated with continuous infusion (p <0.0001), endotracheal intubation (p = 0.0008), infusion of basic plan (p = 0.0027), total parenteral nutrition (P = 0.0002), blood transfusion associated with other infusions (p = 0.0003) and other drugs (p = 0.0004). Higher risk of developing complications in the first 48 hours after puncture.

CONCLUSION

A high rate of complications related to the use of peripheral intravenous catheter, and risk factors associated with infection, weight, drugs and infused solutions, and type of infusion.

Keywords : Infant, Newborn; Catheterization, Peripheral; Risk Factors; Neonatal Nursing.

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