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Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

versão On-line ISSN 1806-9657

Resumo

COOPER, M.; VIDAL-TORRADO, P.  e  LEPSCH, I. F.. Stratigraphical discontinuities, tropical landscape evolution and soil distribution relationships in a case study in SE-Brazil. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2002, vol.26, n.3, pp.673-683. ISSN 1806-9657.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832002000300012.

On a regional summit surface in the county of Piracicaba (SP) within the Peripheric Depression of São Paulo, formed of discontinued flattened tops, there is an abrupt transition between a Typic Hapludox and a Kandiudalfic Eutrudox, together with two stoneline layers. Using stratigraphical, mineralogical, and cartographic studies, this transition and the soil distribution of this surface were studied, correlating them with the different parent materials and the morphoclimatic model of landscape evolution in Southeastern Brazil. The Typic Hapludox was formed on a sandy Cenozoic deposit (Q) that overlies a pellitic deposit of the Iratí formation (Pi), representing a regional erosive discordance. Westwards to the Piracicaba River, this sequence is interrupted by a diabase sill overlain by a red clayey material which gave origin to the Kandiudalfic Eutrudox. Two post-Permian depositional events were identified by the two stonelines and stratigraphical discontinuities. The first event generated the deposition of a sandy sediment in the form of levelled alveoluses on regional barriers, most of these formed by dikes and diabase sills, probably during a drier phase. The second depositional event, leading to the deposition of the red clay was probably the dissection of the previously formed pediplane during a humid climate, followed by another pedimentation process during a later, drier period.

Palavras-chave : soil geomorphology; stonelines; Ti/Zr; Quaternary.

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