Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo
Print version ISSN 0100-0683
WOLSCHICK, D.; CARLESSO, R.; PETRY, M. T. and JADOSKI, S. O.. Nitrogen application on maize cultivated under no-tillage system in a year with normal precipitation and with "El-Niño". Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2003, vol.27, n.3, pp. 461-468. ISSN 0100-0683. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832003000300008.
In this study the split application of nitrogen and the maize crop pre-sowing nitrogen application under a no-tillage system followed by black oat, with two rainfall regimes were evaluated. Treatments were: (a) application of 150 kg ha-1 of N in pre-sowing and 30 kg ha-1 of N at sowing with 1997/98 "El-Niño" rainfall applications; (b) nitrogen application, being 30 kg ha-1 of N at sowing, and 30 kg ha-1 of N at 31 and 57 days after emergency (DAE), with "El-Niño" rainfall applications; (c) without N application and "El-Niño" rainfall applications and; (d) nitrogen application (b treatment), with normal rainfall applications. The experiment was conducted during 1998/99 growing season, at the Federal University of Santa Maria, in a completely randomized design, with two replications. A set of eight drainage lysimeters was used, protected from natural rainfall through an arch rain shelter. Leaf area index, plant height, above ground dry matter, grain yield and percent of N in maize grain and dry matter were evaluated. Nitrogen application on both water regimes had no effect on plant leaf area index, plant height, grain yield, percent of N in grains and N translocated to grains. Above ground dry matter and the amount of N carried out to shoot were smaller for the treatments submitted to normal rainfalls, compared to the ones that received N applications and "El-Niño" rainfalls.
Keywords : nitrogen fertilization; soil cover; climate anomalies.