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Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

On-line version ISSN 1806-9657

Abstract

COSTA, Mirian Cristina Gomes; MAZZA, Jairo Antônio; VITTI, Godofredo Cesar  and  JORGE, Lucio André de Castro. Root distribution, plant nutritional status, and stalk and sugar yield in two genotypes of sugarcane in distinct soils. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2007, vol.31, n.6, pp.1503-1514. ISSN 1806-9657.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832007000600027.

Two field experiments were carried out in Porto Feliz, SP, Brazil, to test the hypothesis that in soils with low clay content, sugarcane genotype RB83 5486 has a better root system distribution than genotype RB83-5089. The two soils used were classified as Typic Kandiudalf and Typic Hapludox. Between the third and fifth ratoon (2002 to 2004), the development of the sugarcane genotypes RB83-5486 and RB83-5089 was evaluated by determining the chemical and physical soil attributes, crop nutritional status, root distribution in the soil profile, and stalk and sugar yield. Root distribution in the soil profile was evaluated by the trench method. Results show differences in hydrogen ion concentrations in both soils. These differences can be related to differences in the nutrient uptake of the studied genotypes. Potassium and sulphur contents in sugarcane leaves were higher in genotype RB83-5486. In the Typic Hapludox most part of the roots of both genotypes were concentrated at 0 to 18 cm from the cane rows and in the upper 54 cm. In the Typic Kandiudalf, most part of the roots of genotype RB83 5486 was concentrated at a distance of 0 to 23 cm from the sugarcane rows and in the upper 46 cm. The root system of genotype RB83-5089 was more evenly distributed in the Typic Kandiudalf. Stalk yield was higher for genotype RB83 5089, while sugar yield was higher for genotype RB83-5486.

Keywords : sugar cane; roots; root system; trench method; Saccharum officinarum L..

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