Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo
versão On-line ISSN 1806-9657
BRAIDA, João Alfredo; REICHERT, Jose Miguel; REINERT, Dalvan Jose e SEQUINATTO, Letícia. Soil elasticity as affected by water and organic carbon content. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2008, vol.32, n.2, pp. 477-485. ISSN 1806-9657. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832008000200002.
The organic carbon accumulation observed in soils under no-till system can increase the soil elasticity, resulting in a higher resistance to soil compaction. This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of water content and soil organic carbon (SOC) enrichment on soil elasticity. Samples of a Hapludalf and a Typic Hapludox in southern Brazil, both with a significant variation in SOC content, were equilibrated at four different water tensions, and then loaded and unloaded on a uniaxial apparatus. The decompression coefficient (Cd), the recovery index (Ir) of the void ratio and the density rebound (Re) after load removal were determined. Results demonstrate that Ir varied from 11.4 to 16.4 % in the Hapludox and from 14 to 23.4 % in the Hapludalf, depending on the water tension and SOC content. The SOC content affected Cd significantly and, consequently, the rebound after load removal. The observed mean rebound varied from 0.023 to 0.059 Mg m-3 and from 0.018 to 0.078 Mg m-3, respectively, for the Hapludalf and the Hapludox. Soil elasticity is affected by variations in the water and SOC content.
Palavras-chave : no-till; soil organic matter; soil compaction; soil compressibility; soil mechanics; soil physics.