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Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

versão On-line ISSN 1806-9657

Resumo

SPERA, Silvio Tulio; SANTOS, Henrique Pereira dos; FONTANELI, Renato Serena  e  TOMM, Gilberto Omar. Livestock-crop integration effects on physical attributes of a soil under no-till. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2009, vol.33, n.1, pp.129-136. ISSN 1806-9657.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832009000100014.

Soil physical characteristics were evaluated of a typical dystrophic Red Latosol (Typic Haplorthox) located in Passo Fundo, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, after ten years (1993 to 2003) under mixed production systems. The effects of production systems integrating grain production with winter annual and perennial forages under no-tillage were assessed. Five mixed cropping systems were evaluated: I) wheat/soybean, white oat/soybean, and common vetch/corn; II) wheat/soybean, white oat/soybean, and annual forages (black oat + common vetch)/corn; III) perennial cool season forages (fescue + white clover + red clover + birdsfoot trefoil); and IV) perennial warm season forages (bahiagrass + black oat + rye grass + white clover + red clover + birdsfoot trefoil). System V) alfalfa as hay crop was established in an adjacent area in 1994. Half of the areas under the systems III, IV, and V returned to system I after the summer of 1996 (southern hemisphere). The crops, both summer and winter, were grown under no-till. The treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design, with four replications. Soil core samples were also collected in a subtropical forest fragment adjacent to the experimental area. The variations in soil bulk density, total porosity, microporosity and macroporosity due to grain production systems with forages were not severe enough to cause soil degradation. The soil bulk density in the production systems with perennial forages was lower and total porosity and macroporosity, in the 0-2 cm layer, higher than in the production systems of grain or of grain with annual forages.

Palavras-chave : crop rotation; ley farming; soil bulk density; total porosity.

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