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Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

versão On-line ISSN 1806-9657

Resumo

CHIARADIA, Jonas Jacob et al. Yield and plant nutrition of castor bean in crop rotation with sugarcane in a sewage sludge-treated soil. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2009, vol.33, n.3, pp.701-709. ISSN 1806-9657.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832009000300022.

The use of sewage sludge (SS) in agricultural soils is one of the most viable forms of recycling this residue. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of SS application on castor bean yield and nutrition in a clayey dystrophic Ultisol following a rotation of sugarcane. The treatments tested were four sewage-sludge rates (0, 5, 10, and 20 t ha-1, dry matter) calculated to supply plants with N at amounts of 0, 37.5 kg ha-1, 75 kg ha-1 and 150 kg ha-1; mineral fertilization with N-P2O5-K2O (75-40-80, respectively) and a control without fertilization. Castor bean, cultivar IAC-Guarani, was grown for 180 days, from November 2004 to May 2005. There was a significant (p<0.05) increment of castor bean yield due to SS application. the application of 10 t ha-1 SS resulted in an agronomic efficiency index of 85 %, compared to mineral fertilization. Nitrogen was the most limiting nutrient concerning yield and plant growth and the nitrogen mineralization rate used underestimated the N supplied by SS under field conditions. Applying SS a the studied rates led to an increment of soil Cu and Zn contents, but metal contents in soil and plant tissues still were within the limits established by the environmental legislation.

Palavras-chave : Ricinus communis L.; biosolids; plant nutrition; nitrogen.

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