Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo
Print version ISSN 0100-0683
FERREIRA, Eric Victor de Oliveira et al. Soil potassium content in an integrated crop-livestock system under no-tillage with different grazing intensities. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2009, vol.33, n.6, pp. 1675-1684. ISSN 0100-0683. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832009000600016.
Potassium (K) dynamics in integrated crop-livestock (ICL) systems diverge from other tillage systems, because ICL systems are more complex and involve, apart from the cash crop management, the presence of animals. The objective of this study was to evaluate the soil K concentration in an ICL system under no-tillage with different grazing (black oat and Italian ryegrass) intensities in the winter growing season and soybean cultivated in the summer. The experiment was initiated in May 2001 on the Espinilho - Farm, in São Miguel das Missões, state of Rio Grosso do Sul, Brazil, on a Rhodic Hapludox (Oxisol), under no-tillage since 1991. The treatments consisted of different grazing intensities: 10, 20, 30 and 40 cm of pasture height, and a control (no grazing), in a randomized block design, with three replications. Available K contents were originally high and remained high during the experiment, independent of the grazing intensity. Potassium was stratified in a decreasing gradient from the soil surface in all situations, and was higher after pasture than after soybean. In the control area, in spite of lower K cycling, higher soil K values were found than in the grazed areas, mainly the intensively grazed, due to losses, probably caused by animal manure.
Keywords : potassium in soil profile; black oat + Italian ryegrass; soybean.