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Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

On-line version ISSN 1806-9657

Abstract

ROLIM NETO, Fernando Cartaxo et al. Topolitosequences of soils in Alto Paranaíba region: physical, chemical and mineralogical properties. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2009, vol.33, n.6, pp.1795-1809. ISSN 1806-9657.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832009000600028.

Little is known bout the pedogenetic differentiation in Alto Paranaíba, western Minas Gerais, Brazil, when materials with such a variety of chemical compositions as tufite, alkaline-ultramafic igneous rocks and carbonatites are compared, which are all found in this region. The purpose of this study was to characterize the physical, chemical and mineralogical properties of three representative soil topolitosequences of the Alto Paranaíba region. Therefore, 11 soil profiles were described and collected in the Serra do Salitre, Patrocínio and Coromandel counties, representing the influence of mafic-ultramafic bodies along the geological interface between Bambuí and Araxá groups. Soil samples were routinely analyzed for physical and chemical properties, besides determinations of Fe, Al and Si after sulfuric extraction; Fe after extraction by DCB and oxalate; Fe, Ca, Mg, K, P, Ti, and other heavy metals after total digestion (triacid attack); and determination of the different components in the clay fraction by DRX. The Latosols (Oxisols) of the Alto Paranaíba are extremely weathered and have very low Ki and Kr indexes, indicators of soils with high iron and aluminum oxides contents, with no defined relationship with the underlying parent materials, indicating intense pedoturbation and mixture with alloctonous materials. The geochemical signatures of the ultramafic nature are the unusual high content of Cr, Ni, Mn, Fe, and Mg. The clay fraction mineralogy of the Latosols shows the coexistence of VHE, kaolinite, gibbsite, and anatase, indicating a polycyclic genesis of the minerals from the finer fraction and the high weathering degree. In the Cambisols, the current rapid desilification indicates the coexistence of gibbsite and iron oxides with smectites and illite because of the fast weathering in the silicon-poor mafic or alkaline-ultramafic rock substrates.

Keywords : Latosols; ultramafic rocks; Triangulo Mineiro; sequential extraction; weathering.

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