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Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

versão On-line ISSN 1806-9657

Resumo

NASCIMENTO, Paulo César do et al. Organic matter contents and characteristics in hydromorphic soils of the State de Espirito Santo. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2010, vol.34, n.2, pp.339-348. ISSN 1806-9657.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832010000200007.

Soil organic matter (SOM) contents and characteristics are results of production, incorporation, decomposition, alteration, and mineralization rates, according to environmental conditions. In hydromorphic soils, SOM dynamics are regulated by O2 deficit, lowering the decomposition rates and producing substances different from those in well-drained soils. This article aimed to determine SOM contents and characteristics at three locations in the State of Espirito Santo, Brazil. Total organic carbon (TOC) was quantified by three methods, besides partitioning humic substances (HS) and determining the humin (FHU), humic (FAH) and fulvic acid (FAF) fraction contents, light organic matter (LOM), and minimum residues. Results indicated high organic C in most surface horizons and material with organic constitution. High values of SH/TOC and low values of EA/FHU ratios indicated the humin fraction as the most important fraction of SOM compartments. The mobility of fulvic acid fraction was higher than of the others, expressed by relatively higher contents in the subsurface. The high LOM content indicated a low humification degree, due to the hydromorphic conditions.

Palavras-chave : humic substances; organic carbon; swamp soils.

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