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Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

versão On-line ISSN 1806-9657

Resumo

GIONGO, Adriana et al. Isolation and characterization of two plant growth-promoting bacteria from the rhizoplane of a legume (Lupinus albescens) in sandy soil. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2010, vol.34, n.2, pp.361-369. ISSN 1806-9657.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832010000200009.

Two bacterial strains that amplified part of the nifH gene, RP1p and RP2p, belonging to the genus Enterobacter and Serratia, were isolated from the rhizoplane of Lupinus albescens. These bacteria are Gram-negative, rod-shaped, motile, facultative anaerobic, and fast-growing; the colonies reach diameters of 3-4 mm within 24 h of incubation at 28 ºC. The bacteria were also able to grow at temperatures as high as 40 ºC, in the presence of high (2-3 % w/v) NaCl concentrations and pH 4 -10. Strain RP1p was able to utilize 10 of 14 C sources, while RP2p utilized nine. The isolates produced siderophores and indolic compounds, but none of them was able to solubilize phosphate. Inoculation of L. albescens with RP1p and RP2p strains resulted in a significant increase in plant dry matter, indicating the plant-growth-promoting abilities of these bacteria.

Palavras-chave : indolic compounds; siderophores; inoculation experiment.

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