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Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

versão On-line ISSN 1806-9657

Resumo

LIMA, Claudinei Paulo de et al. Bermuda grass sod production as related to nitrogen rates. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2010, vol.34, n.2, pp.371-378. ISSN 1806-9657.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832010000200010.

Of all nutrients, N has the strongest effect on grass growth and an adequate N fertilization can reduce the time required for the formation of high-quality mats. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of N fertilization on Bermuda grass sod production and quality. The experiment was conducted in an area of commercial sod production, in Capela do Alto, state of São Paulo. Cynodon dactylon (Pers) L., known as Bermuda grass, was evaluated in a randomized complete block design with five treatments and four replications. Treatments consisted of five N rates: 0, 150, 300, 450 and 600 kg ha-1. Increasing N applications to Bermuda grass increased the soil cover rate, reducing the time required for mat formation. The accumulation of rhizome + root + stolon dry matter was highest at a rate of 354 kg ha-1 N and the mat resistance to breakage at a rate of 365 kg ha-1 N. Nitrogen rates between 354 and 365 kg ha-1 increased mat resistance and consequently the suitability for postharvest handling, tending to improve the efficiency in the area.

Palavras-chave : Cynodon dactylon (Pers) L; fertilization rate; soil cover.

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